Main features of international shipping

The main characteristics of international shipping [1] are low cost, long time, suitable for large shipments of foreign orders.

There are two ways of international shipping:

1. Marine containers (CY) : one container per ticket or multiple containers per ticket.

2. Ocean freight less than container load (CFS) : more than three pieces of goods in one container load.

There are several types of containers:

1, 20 feet: the size is 6*2.2*2.3, the theoretical capacity is 30 cubic meters, the actual capacity is 25-27 CBM, 18-23 tons.

2. 20-foot weight: the size is 6*2.2*2.3. The theoretical capacity is 30 cubic meters.

3. 40 feet: the size is 12*2.2*2.3, the theoretical capacity is 60 cubic meters, the actual capacity is 55-57cbm, and the capacity is 18-23 tons.

4. 40-foot height increase: the size is 12*2.2*2.8, the theoretical capacity is 73 cubic meters, the actual capacity is 68-70cbm, and the capacity is 18-23 tons. Above is the ark that basically USES, other still have the 45 foot that USES less, stool young ark, open top ark, refrigerant ark to wait a moment.

Limitation of international shipping: the limitation of international shipping is determined by the destination, shipping date and other factors. For example, if you arrive in LA on Thursday or Saturday, you will arrive in 14 days. If it is a ship sailing from Friday to Sunday, it will arrive in 11 days. The same American city, the same ship that leaves on Friday and Sunday, takes 15 days to get to Oakland (OAK). NAPLES, Italy, for example, is 18 days from Hong Kong if it leaves on Monday or Tuesday. If it is a ship sailing from Hong Kong on Friday and Sunday, it will arrive in 21 days. The same European city, the same ship that leaves on Friday and Sunday, takes 25 days to reach Barcelona, Spain.

International shipping FCL operation process

1. Sales: for the contracting of dangerous goods (chemical products), customers shall be required to provide detailed information of their products, including the correctness

Chinese and English name, composition list, hazard rating, etc.; The carrier (owner) should be consulted in advance whether to undertake the shipment.

2. Quotation: make a preliminary quotation to the customer according to the specific shipping requirements of the customer, including the product characteristics, port of destination, shipping schedule, delivery conditions, and other special requirements; The quotation includes: sea freight + surcharge + dock fee + customs clearance fee + text

Item fee + towing fee (+ other agency fee); The quotation sheet also needs to provide the approximate shipping date information; Never guarantee the shipping date to the customer;

3. Receipt of power of attorney: the client shall fill in the specific information in accordance with the "power of attorney for transportation", complete and clear.

4. Space booking and trailer booking: strict requirements and close attention to the timeliness of the trailer company;

5. Container pick-up and loading: the whole set of customs declaration documents shall be complete, and the customer shall stamp the company's official seal on the relevant documents with specific requirements;

6. Customs declaration and release: submit a full set of documents to the customs, the customs will review the goods and documents according to the customs declaration information, spot check or self-check by the freight forwarder (at its own risk), collect taxes according to the type of goods, according to the provisions of national laws, and fill in the verification sheet, so that the shipper can use the tax refund after the export of goods. If not qualified return order for review.

7. Handover with shipowner and shipping agent: after handing in the customs release slip, ask the shipowner (agent) for the name and voyage information of the first voyage ship for preparing the bill of lading; Check original bill of lading with shipowner (agent), deliver freight to shipowner (agent), collect shipowner bill of lading (MB/L); Check with shipowner (agent), pay freight to shipowner (agent), arrange telex release procedure;

8. Release of bill of lading: in general, after the goods are loaded into the container and returned to the field, confirm with the customer the specific requirements of the bill of lading, whether to issue the owner's bill of lading (MB/L) or the forwarder's bill of lading (HB/L), at the same time, ask the customer to provide the content of the bill of lading;

9. Collect the freight

10. Change the order at destination and pick up the goods国际海运主要特点









  4、40尺加高:大小是12*2.2*2.8,理论装73立方,实际装68—70CBM,18—23吨。 以上为主要使用的柜型,其他的还有比较少用的45尺、凳仔柜、开顶柜、冷藏柜等等。











  7、与船东、船代交接:交海关放行条后,向船东(代)索取头程船的船名、航次资料,以备缮制提单; 与船东(代)核对正本提单资料,向船东(代)交付运费、领取船东提单(MB/L);与船东(代)核对提单料,向船东(代)交付运费,安排电放手续;



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